The toll on Russia’s maritime assets, in close proximity to the Ukrainian coast, has been considerable, with reports suggesting the loss of up to 25 out of approximately 80 naval vessels deployed by Russia during the early stages of the 2022 invasion.
Captain 3rd rank Dmytro Pletenchuk disclosed in televised remarks that 35 of these vessels posed a “real threat” to Ukraine. 25 units have been destroyed, and 15 are currently undergoing repairs.
Pletenchuk said: “The Black Sea Fleet has been [in a poor state] for quite a while: apart from Kalibr cruise missile carriers, they can’t use anything against Ukraine. I can say that the Black Sea Fleet operations have been greatly complicated, if not paralysed.”
Ukraine has celebrated significant victories, including the destruction of a Russian Kilo-class submarine, damage to landing ships like the Minsk, Saratov, and Olenegorsky Gornyak, and the sinking of Russia’s Black Sea flagship, the Moskva.
Recent successes include the destruction of a Russian missile-armed corvette, the Ivanovets, by Ukraine’s military intelligence agency using MAGURA V5 surface drones.
Lieutenant General Kyrylo Budanov, head of Ukraine’s military intelligence agency, confirmed the vessel sustained direct hits before sinking, valuing it at up to £70 million.
Despite lacking a robust navy, Ukraine has effectively utilised unmanned vehicles and Western-provided missiles.
In a show of support, the UK and Norway have pledged to donate mine-clearing vessels, raiding craft, and amphibious vehicles to Ukraine, aiding in the transformation of its navy and aligning it with NATO standards.